Here are the power points for the talk gave to Antioch students in Kyoto on March 14, 2019. The talk was about seven provocative ideas from Asian psychology for Western psychology students.Antioch – Asian psych
Attached is the outline of a seminar I did at the Assumption University Graduate School of Psychology on 26 January, 2109, on the client-therapist relationship. Research points to this relationship as being the most important factor in the success of psychotherapy for a client. The client-therapist relationship is more important than the style of therapy the therapist provides. If you think about it, this makes sense. If a client does not trust, respect, or like a therapist, they will never be receptive to the style of working of the therapist and will not respond positively to what the therapist does or says. This workshop focused on how to build a strong relationship with a client, with the focus being on how to build empathy and respect in this relationship. au-client-therapistrelationship
This is a talk I gave to a Zen Club meeting at the Shambhala Center in Bangkok on 20 January, 2019. The topic was: What is Zen? I discussed some basic parts of Zen practice: some stories about what is Zen; the importance of motivation and making Zen personal; letting go of your ego; finding your personal question; thinking; how Zen cannot be found in books, lectures, ideas, etc.; and included some other useful quotes for Zen practice. 禅 － zen 101 – what is zen？
Here is a talk about three important points when a person begins to meditate. The three points were: the need to train attention in order to meditate, letting go of one’s ego lens, and the use of one’s motivation in meditation practice. I gave this talk at the Little Bangkok Sangha at the Rojana Center in Bangkok, Thailand, on 14 January, 2019. 禅 – little bang sangha meditation talk
Naikan Therapy was developed by Yoshimoto Ishin, a practitioner of the Jodo Shinshu (Pure Land Sect) of Buddhism in Japan in the 1940s. Naikan means “inside looking” or “self introspection.” It is more reflective than Morita Therapy, but also is very structured. It has had great success in working in prisons with inmates. It is based on reflecting on three questions: (1) What have I received from …. ? (2) What have I given to ….. ? (3) What troubles and difficulties have I caused …. ? It does not ask the fourth question, which would be, “What troubles and difficulties has …. caused me?” In the West this is the source of the controversy about Naikan Therapy. In the attached article I discuss Naikan Therapy and some of its controversies.
Morita Therapy was developed by Shoma Morita in the early part of the 20th century. It has similarities to the Western cognitive behavioral therapies and to mindfulness therapies, but has its own distinctive character. Many people say it is based on Zen ideas, but Morita himself denied this. It does reflect many Japanese cultural ideas about how to heal psychological disturbances. The attached article discusses Morita Therapy in comparison with some Western psychotherapeutic ideas.
Introduction to Self-Cultivation
Self-cultivation is an East Asian idea that has much in common with psychotherapy. It can be said that the purpose both of East Asian “Ways” (see endnote #1 in the Introduction to Self-Cultivation PDF), such as the Way of Tai Chi or the Way of Zen and of Western psychotherapy, is to cultivate or train the self or some aspect of the self. Self-cultivation in Japanese and Chinese is expressed in the characters 修行 (shyu-gyo), which mean cultivating or training the self (see endnote #2 in the Introduction to Self-Cultivation PDF). The ways of doing this self-cultivation are very different – The Way of Tai Chi is through body forms in the practice of cultivating chi (vital energy) and the Way of Zen is through Zen meditation while the way of Western psychotherapy varies according to the style, including talk, behavioral, relational, experiential, somatic, analytical, art, individuals, families, and groups.
A basic purpose of Western psychotherapy is to train a person so that they make fundamental changes in their behavior and self. An example is a person with an anger problem. In psychotherapy the person trains their mind so that their anger is no longer a problem. The East Asian ways of self-cultivation also have as part of their purpose mental training. Applying the East Asian ways of mental training can be very helpful for psychotherapeutic mental training.
This is a series with two focuses. Focus One is about aspects of East Asian self-cultivation. Focus Two is about various applications of East Asian self-cultivation to Western psychotherapy. Each focus will be further discussed in separate blog posts, posted at various times.
This first post in this series discusses the basics of East Asian self-cultivation. This post has two PDF files – the first this “Introduction to Self-Cultivation with Endnotes” and the second “East-Asian Self-Cultivation: To Continue and To Repeat Gives You Strength.”