October 1, 2019 – 18:30-20:00 – Villa 106 Gotenyama Campus



The world is getting more and more interactive. Cross-cultural living is the future of the world. All of us here are part of this future. We need to unravel the mysteries of different ways of living. In this seminar we will address some basic mysteries of cross-cultural living.

MYSTERIES???      Can you deal with it???

Questions we will consider together include:

  • Have you ever wondered why do they do…? Have you ever thought, “That is strange…”
  • Have you ever felt confused and like you were having to learn new ways of doing things?
  • How does a person make and stay friends cross-culturally?
  • Have you ever felt lonely in cross-cultural situations? Why do you think loneliness is the number one reason for expatriates leaving Japan?
  • How is a person understood in Japan and the West?
  • What are important cultural basics of language and communication?
  • What cultural values are important motivators of people’s behavior?
  • What are big challenges in cross-cultural living? What are some of the common basic mistakes that people make in cross-cultural situations?

Together we will explore possible challenges for each person                through short exercises. Please come willing to participate in                these exercises with other students.


FACILITATOR: Dr. Reggie Pawle, C.I. E. student counselor.

Dr. Pawle taught cross-cultural psychology, lived in three

countries (US, Japan, and Thailand), and has extensive

cross-cultural experience since 1972.


TIME & PLACE: October 1, 2019, 18:30-20:00, Room Villa 106, Gotenyama Campus

The Client-Therapist Relationship

Attached is the outline of a seminar I did at the Assumption University Graduate School of Psychology on 26 January, 2109, on the client-therapist relationship. Research points to this relationship as being the most important factor in the success of psychotherapy for a client. The client-therapist relationship is more important than the style of therapy the therapist provides. If you think about it, this makes sense. If a client does not trust, respect, or like a therapist, they will never be receptive to the style of working of the therapist and will not respond positively to what the therapist does or says. This workshop focused on how to build a strong relationship with a client, with the focus being on how to build empathy and respect in this relationship.  au-client-therapistrelationship

What Is Zen?

This is a talk I gave to a Zen Club meeting at the Shambhala Center in Bangkok on 20 January, 2019. The topic was: What is Zen? I discussed some basic parts of Zen practice: some stories about what is Zen; the importance of motivation and making Zen personal; letting go of your ego; finding your personal question; thinking; how Zen cannot be found in books, lectures, ideas, etc.; and included some other useful quotes for Zen practice. 禅 - zen 101 – what is zen?

Naikan Therapy A Japanese Psychotherapy

Naikan Therapy

Naikan Therapy was developed by Yoshimoto Ishin, a practitioner of the Jodo Shinshu (Pure Land Sect) of Buddhism in Japan in the 1940s. Naikan means “inside looking” or “self introspection.” It is more reflective than Morita Therapy, but also is very structured. It has had great success in working in prisons with inmates. It is based on reflecting on three questions: (1) What have I received from …. ? (2) What have I given to ….. ? (3) What troubles and difficulties have I caused …. ? It does not ask the fourth question, which would be, “What troubles and difficulties has …. caused me?” In the West this is the source of the controversy about Naikan Therapy. In the attached article I discuss Naikan Therapy and some of its controversies.

An exploration of cross-cultural psychology and the integration of counseling and Asian traditions – Buddhism, Daoism, Japanese culture, Japanese therapies Morita and Naikan